Areas of Work
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Improve understanding and deepening the knowledge base for ‘what works’ for policymakers, practitioner and researcher.
Explore policy interventions and test solutions for ‘what works’ for policymakers, practitioner, programme beneficiaries and researchers.

Areas of Work

Barriers to Work

Women find it more difficult to get preferred opportunities compared to men. Their work preferences are mostly influenced by socio-economic constraints and traditional gender roles, where family and care responsibilities form a significant barrier. Lack of safe and accessible transportation also forms one of the most challenging factors. This often leads to confinement of women to specific occupations and/or limits them to low-quality jobs, often flexible or part-time roles, in vulnerable conditions.

Quality Work

Women’s equitable participation in and ability to capture value from productive activities. Equitable participation implies equal access to opportunities, equal wages, equitable conditions of work and equal access to resources for women. Value capture indicates improvement in abilities to earn income both in absolute terms as well as relative to men and have greater bargaining power within the household decision-making that builds agency and facilitates women’s empowerment.

Women’s Empowerment Collectives (WEC)

Empowerment Collectives are pathways for building women’s agency, leadership and provide access to resources. WEC’s are institutions built around principles of social cohesion and equity and enable women to achieve economic and political empowerment. Evidence from some African countries have shown that the formation of groups is one way to deal with power imbalances in a gender unequal society that helps to bring better outcomes for women.

IWWAGE Approach


IWWAGE has partnered with leading research institutes and experienced professionals in the areas of research, evidence generation to influence policies that impact lives of women and girls.

ISI Delhi Center and IWWAGE work together on the following projects:

Modelling of Women’s Labor Supply Decisions in a Life Cycle Framework

Female Employment, Soil Endowment, and Agricultural Technology

Enabling Access to Work Opportunities for Women in Manufacturing

Nudging Households to Increase the Usage of Clean Fuel

The overarching objective is to rigorously analyze the constraints that women face in engaging in remunerative economic activities —
primarily from the supply-side perspective — while also attempting to understand the demand-side factors that affect their economic